Proposed Criteria and Accreditation Process for At-Large Structures, and
Proposed Guidelines for
Regional At-Large Organizations' (RALOs) Memorandum
of Understanding (MOU) with ICANN
Draft for Public Comment
21 May 2003
Underpinning the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) will be a network of
self-organizing, self-supporting At-Large Structures throughout the world
involving individual Internet users at the local or issue level. The
At-Large Structures (either existing organizations or newly formed for this
purpose) will self-organize into five Regional At-Large Organizations (one
in each ICANN region - Africa, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin
America/Caribbean, and North America). The Regional At-Large Organizations
will manage outreach and public involvement and will be the main forum and
coordination point in each region for public input to ICANN.
Public input is requested on the following draft criteria and accreditation
process for self-forming At-Large Structures (which will eventually organize
RALOs), and for the draft guidelines for a RALO MOU. Please send comments to
email@example.com (comments will be publicly posted). Additional
information on the ALAC is available at <http://alac.icann.org>.
Proposed minimum criteria for an At-Large Structure (ALS):
- Commit to supporting individual Internet users informed participation
in ICANN by distributing to individual constituents/members information on
relevant ICANN activities and issues, offering Internet-based mechanisms
that enable discussions of one or more of these activities and issues among
individual constituents/members, and involving individual
constituents/members in relevant ICANN policy development, discussions and
- Be constituted so that participation by individual Internet users who
are citizens or residents of countries within the Geographic Region in which
the ALS is based will predominate in the ALS' operation. The ALS may permit
additional participation by others that is compatible with the interests of
the individual Internet users within the region.
- Be self-supporting (not rely on ICANN for funding).
- Post on the Internet (on the ALAC's website or elsewhere)
publicly-accessible, current information about the ALS's goals, structure,
description of constituent group(s)/membership, working mechanisms,
leadership, and contact(s).
- Assist the RALO in performing its function.
Proposed initial process for certification of an At-Large Structure (ALS):
- Submit to the ALAC, in electronic form (provided by the ALAC), a
completed ALS application (in English) and provide the ALAC with any
- The ALAC will conduct due diligence, reviewing the application and
performing necessary tasks in an effort to ensure that the established ALS
criteria has been/will be met. This could include requesting references,
interviewing the applicant's contact(s), gathering/requesting additional
information on the applicant, and (for existing organizations) requesting
information on applicant's leadership and operations, verifying general
funding sources, and requiring the applicant to demonstrate the identity of
their individual constituents.
- Upon completion of its due diligence, all ALAC members will review the
application and related documentation; the ALAC will then vote on certifying
the applicant an ALS, with each ALAC member voting ELIGIBLE or NOT ELIGIBLE.
- Decisions to certify and de-certify an ALS require a 2/3 vote of all
of the members of the ALAC and shall be subject to review according to
procedures established by the Board.
- The ALAC will notify the applicant of its certification decision, and,
if applicable, provide information on requesting a review of the decision.
- On an ongoing basis, the ALAC may also give advice as to whether a
prospective ALS meets the applicable criteria and standards.
- ALS applications, ALAC decisions on applications, and other
information, as appropriate, will be publicly posted by the ALAC.
Proposed guidelines for a RALO (Regional At-Large Organization) MOU
(Memorandum of Understanding):
- Each RALO shall be comprised of At-Large Structures based within its
Geographic Region that have been certified to meet the requirements of the
RALO's Memorandum of Understanding with ICANN. There will be no more than
one RALO in each Geographic Region.
- Proposed RALO MOUs shall be posted by the ALAC for public comment.
- Each RALO's Memorandum of Understanding shall include provisions
designed to achieve robust participation of individual Internet users in its
region. Prior to finalizing its MOU, each RALO shall demonstrate that every
citizen or resident in its region is welcome to join at least one of its
At-Large Structures. A RALO may elect to also directly include individual
Internet users who are citizens or residents of countries within the RALO's
- Signatories to the MOU (and participation in the RALO) must include a
minimum of 3 open and transparent At-Large Structures based in at least 2
different countries within the RALO's Geographic Region.
- The criteria and process for certification of At-Large Structures
shall be included in the MOU. To the extent compatible with ICANN's stated
objectives, each RALO may propose additional criteria and standards to
encourage the type of structure that best fits the customs and character of
various countries in its Geographic Region.
- A RALO shall be an entity that facilitates informed participation of
individual Internet users via At-Large Structures, with openness (open to
all ALSs), participatory opportunities (enable individual Internet users to
discuss and make recommendations on ICANN issues and activities),
transparency (activities documented and publicly available on the Internet),
accountability (demonstrate its activities and procedures comply with ICANN
requirements), and diversity (geographic, professional, etc.) in its
structure and procedures.
- Each signatory to the MOU acknowledges these requirements and commits
to assisting with the submission to the ALAC of ALS applications from other
organizations (and potential ALSs) based in its Geographic Region.
- To help ensure individual Internet user participation and the
protection of individual internet users' interests, signatories to the MOU
commit to periodically reviewing the results of their cooperation under the
MOU and, when appropriate, will recommend improvements in the MOU and make
suitable proposals for modifying and updating the arrangements and scope of
- The RALO will define a transparent process for selecting 2 individuals
from its region (the individuals may not be citizens of the same country) to
serve as members of the ALAC.
- The RALO will commit to serving as the main forum and coordination
point for input from individual Internet users to ICANN in its region and to
working with the ALAC and ICANN in conducting the following activities:
- Keeping the community of individual Internet users in their region
informed about the significant news from ICANN;
- Distributing (through posting or otherwise), in languages
appropriate for its region, news about ICANN and information about items in
the ICANN policy-development process of interest to individual Internet
users in its Geographic Region;
- Promoting outreach activities in the community of individual
Internet users in its region;
- Developing and maintaining on-going information and education
programs in its region, regarding ICANN and its work;
- Making public, and analyzing, ICANN's proposed policies and its
decisions and their (potential) regional impact and (potential) effect on
individuals in the region;
- Offering Internet-based mechanisms that enable discussions among
members of ALS in its region; and
- Establishing mechanisms and processes that enable two-way
communication between members of ALS in its region and those involved in
ICANN decision-making, so interested individuals can share their views on
pending ICANN issues.
- Keeping the community of individual Internet users in their region
Periodic review: At-Large Structures and RALOs shall participate in
periodic reviews of how they are contributing to the ALAC charter and
fostering informed participation of individual Internet users in ICANN, and
they will contribute to the ALACs reports to the ICANN Board on the
structure, activities and results of the ALAC and the At-Large