Registration is now open for ICANN's 49th Public Meeting to be held in Singapore from 23-27 March 2014. The meeting site will be the Raffles City Convention Centre. To register, please visit https://registration.icann.org/.
To make a hotel reservation, visit https://resweb.passkey.com/go/venue.
ICANN holds three public meetings each calendar year in different regions of the globe. Usually comprised of more than 200 different sessions, these week-long meetings are the focal point for individuals and representatives of the different ICANN stakeholder groups to introduce and discuss issues related to ICANN policy.
Participants may attend in person or remotely. Meetings are open to everyone and registration is free.
For more information, visit http://singapore49.icann.org/en/about.
Proposal for a Specification 13 to the ICANN Registry Agreement to Contractually Reflect Certain Limited Aspects of ".Brand" New gTLDs
ICANN is posting today for public comment a proposal requested by the Brand Registry Group to incorporate a new Specification 13 to the new gTLD Registry Agreement, which would be available to a Registry Operator that operates a TLD that ICANN determines qualifies as a ".Brand TLD".
The proposed draft of Specification 13 [PDF, 80 KB] and the concepts reflected therein have not been approved by the New gTLD Program Committee of ICANN’s Board of Directors. ICANN is seeking public comment on all aspects of the proposal.
ICANN is also posting with the proposed draft of Specification 13 a position statement [PDF, 83 KB] of the Brand Registry Group in support of the proposed draft.
ICANN today issued comprehensive advice to IT professionals worldwide on how to proactively identify and manage private name space leakage into the public Domain Name System (DNS) and thus, eliminate the causes of name collisions as new Top Level Domains (TLDs) are added to the DNS. In a report titled Name Collision Identification and Mitigation for IT Professionals [PDF 228 KB], ICANN explains the nature and causes of name collision and proposes a range of possible solutions.
Domain name collisions are not new. However the report addresses some concerns that a number of applied-for new TLDs may be identical to names used in private name spaces.
The report explains how DNS queries leak into the global DNS from private name spaces and how these leaks can have unintended consequences. The report shows that private networks will consistently, stably, and reliably perform name resolution when they use Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDNs) and resolve them from the global DNS, and proposes methods to migrate to FQDNs.
"While it appears that name collisions won't affect significant numbers of corporate network operators or Internet users, ICANN considers it essential that it does everything possible to minimize potential impact and to offer clear advice on dealing with the issue," said Paul Mockapetris, Global Domains Division Security Advisor.
The report recommends that every organization that is not already using FQDNs from the public DNS should consider the following strategy:
- Monitor name services, compile a list of private TLDs or short unqualified names you use internally, and compare the list you create against the list of new TLD strings.
- Formulate a plan to mitigate causes of leakage.
- Prepare users for the impending change in name usage by notifying them in advance or providing training.
- Implement your plan to mitigate the potential collision.
The release of today's advice to IT professionals is the result of several months of diligent work by ICANN's staff, subject matter experts, the ICANN Executive Team and the Board of Directors.
"The report we've issued today offers IT professionals, whether they work in large organizations or small companies, comprehensive advice and suggested remedies that can be simple to implement," said Dave Piscitello, Vice President of Security and ICT Coordination. "While other interim or makeshift solutions may exist, migration using FQDNs has lasting value – once you've done this, you are good to go for now and future new TLD delegations."
The report, along with additional useful information and resources, can be found at:
Montego Bay, Jamaica - In the context of the recent Caribbean ICT Week, Fadi Chehadé, ICANN President and CEO, and Ms. Bernadette Lewis, Secretary General of the Caribbean Telecommunications Union signed a Memorandum of Understanding to increase cooperation and coordination among both organizations.
The signing took place in the presence of Government Ministers of CTU member states including the President of the CTU, Hon. Philip Paulwell, Minister of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining of Jamaica; the signing ceremony was followed by a press conference facilitating widespread communication of news of the event to the Jamaica public, and wider Caribbean through electronic media.
In her remarks at the signing Ms. Bernadette Lewis remarked that "The Internet has become entwined in the fabric of our lives therefore we must take an interest in its development and participate in the fora that chart its course. The continued and equitable growth of the internet is a collective responsibility and the Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) is prepared to play its part in taking an active role in determining the future of the Internet. This MoU is the demonstration of the CTU's commitment to work in collaboration with ICANN to increasing awareness and usage of the Internet and its resources in the Caribbean."
On his part, in the spirit of collaboration, Fadi Chehadé ended his remarks by quoting the African Proverb "If you want to go fast…go alone. If you want to go far…go together."
Mr. Chehadé and Ms. Lewis committed to make this a workable framework by getting their respective teams to start implementing concrete actions in the upcoming weeks. Actions are planned to include capacity building, partnering for outreach events and fostering multistakeholder dialogue at the regional and national levels.
ICANN has authorized the bulk transfer of gTLD domain names from Pacnames Ltd to Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. due to compliance actions taken by ICANN that resulted in the de-accreditation of Pacnames Ltd.
The affected gTLD registries have processed the bulk transfers. Former registrant-customers of Pacnames Ltd should receive notices from Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. advising of the transfer. Customer questions about the transfer should be directed to Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. (for contact details see http://www.internic.net/registrars/registrar-1336.html or visit their website directly here: www.net-chinese.com.tw). Additional information about these bulk transfers is provided below.FAQs Q. Why were these transfers authorized by ICANN?
A. The Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) of Pacnames Ltd was voluntarily terminated, effective 29 November 2013.
As a result, Pacnames Ltd is no longer permitted to register or manage gTLD registrations. ICANN authorized bulk transfers pursuant to the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy to ensure that the registrant-customers of this registrar would not be harmed by their registrar's discontinued ability to manage the registrations.Q. How was the gaining registrar selected?
A. ICANN followed its De-Accredited Registrar Transition Procedure (see http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/drt/dartp-11jul13-en.pdf [PDF, 129 KB]) to identify a gaining registrar for the gTLD names formerly managed by the de-accredited registrar. Through this process, Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. was identified.Q. Will Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. attempt to contact the affected registrants? What should customers of this de-accredited registrar do now?
A. Former customers of Pacnames Ltd. should receive a notice of the transfer and instructions for continued management of their names from Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. Affected customers who do not receive notices from Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. should contact Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. by using the contact information provided at http://www.internic.net/registrars/registrar-1336.html.Q. Do registrants have to pay a fee for the bulk transfer?
A. No, there is no cost to registrants for the bulk transfer. Unlike a normal inter-registrar transfer, the registration terms will not be extended by a year. Accordingly, it is important to contact Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. if your registration will expire soon in order to maintain your registration.Q. What if affected registrants want to select a different registrar?
A. Registrants will continue to be able to transfer their registrations to other registrars under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (see http://www.icann.org/en/transfers/). Note that Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. may deny transfers for the first 60 days following the bulk transfer, at its discretion. This 60-day period is permissible under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy and is intended to help protect registrants. The registrant may need to renew names that will expire during the first 60 days following the transfer to Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. by using the details provided above.Q. How will Pacnames customers know if a message purportedly from Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. is legitimate?
A. The message from Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. should direct you to its website or refer you to other contact information provided above. For general advice about avoiding phishing email messages, you may also wish to refer to the materials prepared by the Anti-Phishing Working Group (see http://www.antiphishing.org/resources/overview/avoid-phishing-scams).
On 27 June 2013 the ICANN Board approved an amendment to the Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) country code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) Fast Track Process Final Implementation Plan (FIP). The amendment implements a two-panel process for string similarity review in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process, and was proposed following the conclusion of the IDN Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) Policy Development Process (PDP) as well as a request from the ccNSO to implement the string similarity review process as recommended in the PDP within the Fast Track Process. The ccNSO work has taken into account the experiences and reviews of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process as well as the Governmental Advisory Committee's advice on the matter. Following extensive public consultations, the ccNSO Council adopted in April 2013 [PDF, 118 KB] the Final Report on the IDN ccNSO PDP [PDF, 376 KB]. In time, the proposed policy is expected to replace the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process.
The ICANN Board also resolved on 27 June 2013 that all pending and future IDN ccTLD Fast Track requesters whose strings are considered not valid per the string similarity assessment of the DNS Stability Evaluation, will have the option to request a second and final evaluation by the new Extended Process Similarity Review Panel (EPSRP).
Today, ICANN is pleased to announce the appointment of the members of the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel as follows:
Dr. Max Coltheart (chair), Emeritus Professor
Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University
Dr. Jonathan Grainger, Directeur de recherches au CNRS
Dr. Kevin Larson
With this announcement, ICANN is providing notice of publication of the updated Final Implementation Plan for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process [PDF, 879 KB] that includes the changes required for the implementation of the two-panel string similarity review process, as approved by the ICANN Board on 27 June 2013.
ICANN will notify eligible IDN ccTLD Fast Track requesters about their eligibility to request an evaluation by the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel of the submitted IDN ccTLD string.
The community should take note that the previous version of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan [PDF, 887 KB] published on 4 June 2012 is now archived and is superseded by the revised Final Implementation for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process [PDF, 879 KB]. Archived documents remain available under the "IDN Resources" section of the IDN page: http://www.icann.org/en/resources/idn/more.
In addition, ICANN is publishing the Guidelines for the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel [PDF, 86 KB], which now include the names of the panelists and, as foreseen in the guidelines, the name of the research institute and the leader of the research team:
Leader: Dr. Shane T. Mueller
Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences, Michigan Technological University
The IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan [PDF, 498 KB] was approved by the ICANN Board at its meeting in Seoul, Republic of Korea in October 2009. ICANN has conducted two annual reviews of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process between its implementation in October 2010 and July 2012. Summary and analyses of each public comment process are available here.
ICANN's mission and core values call for ICANN to preserve and enhance the operational stability, reliability, security, and global interoperability of the Internet's system of unique identifiers (names, IP numbers and protocol parameters). In pursuing these goals and following the direction of its Board of Directors as well as taking into consideration the advice of the Security and Stability Advisory Committee, ICANN commissioned a study on the potential security impacts of the applied-for new-gTLD strings. The study was to consider whether name collisions might occur between applied-for new gTLD strings and domain names that may be in use in private namespaces ("non-delegated TLDs"). The study was also to review the possibility of name collision occurrences arising from the use of internal names for which X.509 digital certificates have been issued.
A name collision occurs when users unknowingly access a name that has been delegated in the public DNS when the user's intent was to access a resource identified by the same name in a private network. Circumstances like these, where the administrative boundaries of private and public namespaces overlap and name resolution yields unintended results, present concerns and should be avoided if possible. However, the collision occurrences themselves are not the concern, but whether such collisions cause unexpected behavior or harm, the nature of the unexpected behavior or harm and the severity of consequence.
On 5 August 2013, ICANN published and made available a name collision study <http://www.icann.org/en/about/staff/security/ssr/name-collision-02aug13-en.pdf> [PDF, 3.34 MB] (the "Study") that identifies categories of strings according to the occurrences of queries, as observed in root server log samples obtained from the "Day in the Life of the Internet" (DITL) initiative from DNS-OARC. The Study used as input: 1) samples of DNS requests transmitted to root servers (from the DITL initiative), complemented with 2) information from Certificate Authorities regarding the issuance of internal name certificates (e.g., TLS/SSL certificates for non-delegated names). A full description of the methodology of the Study can be found in section 3.4 of the Study.
The Study also included options to mitigate the risks; however, it did not make specific recommendations for each of the categories. Based on the Study, ICANN staff published for public comment from 5 August to 17 September 2013 <http://www.icann.org/en/about/staff/security/ssr/new-gtld-collision-mitigation-05aug13-en.pdf> [PDF, 166 KB] a proposal to manage the risk of name collision.
On 7 October 2013, the ICANN Board New gTLD Program Committee adopted a revised proposal <http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/documents/resolutions-new-gtld-07oct13-en.htm#1.a> that describes a plan to manage name collision occurrences between new gTLDs and existing private uses of the same strings.
The below are frequently issued questions that have been asked regarding the plan and ICANN's answers.
How did ICANN compile the list of Second-Level Domain Names (SLDs) to block for the Alternate Path to Delegation?
For each TLD its list of SLDs to block is composed of the SLDs that were queried for the TLD during the DITL samples of 2006 to 2013, and the 2010 DNSSEC rollout datasets.
What were the criteria used to consider a new gTLD ineligible for the Alternate Path to Delegation?
Those new gTLDs that showed an outlier behavior in terms of additions to their list of queried SLDs from year to year were considered ineligible. In other words, ICANN considers a new TLD ineligible for the Alternate Path to Delegation in cases where the list of SLDs changes frequently and widely.
The sources of data used to compile the variation in SLD lists are composed of yearly captures of DNS query data from 2006 to 2012. The 2013 dataset was not included since the strings were already known by then (and various activities or studies conducted on the known strings might bias any analysis). For these strings, the year-over-year increase of the number of SLDs queried is an outlier as compared to the population of proposed gTLDs in: (a) at least one of the year-to-year comparisons, and (b) 2012 (indicates churn is currently occurring).
For example, a TLD that only is an outlier in the 2006-2007 comparisons will still be considered eligible. However, a TLD that is an outlier in the 2009-2010 and in the 2011-2012 comparisons will not be eligible for the alternate path to delegation.
Will the second-level-domain-name (SLD) block list be amended as a result of using other datasets while working on the Name Collision Occurrence Management Framework?
There is no plan to amend the SLD block list for new gTLDs as a result of the development of the Framework. However, if there were a new discovery during the development of the Framework it will be taken into consideration.
Is source code for the creation of the block lists available?
The process to create the blocking list is explained in detail in each of the Alternate Path to Delegation reports for every new gTLD that has signed an agreement and is considered eligible. For example see http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/luxury/luxury-apd-report-12nov13-en.htm
The code used to create the lists is based on the code published at https://github.com/JASdevteam/dns-oarc
How long should the SLDs in the block list be blocked?
The blocking should be in effect until the mitigation measures described in the respective Name Collision Occurrence Assessment have been applied.
For a particular TLD, if the SLD "nic" appears in the DITL data (indicating that there might be a name collision issue there), why is "nic" allowed in the gTLD, and why is this risk more acceptable than the risk of any other name collision?
The only name that is required to be used by contract is "whois.nic.<tld>" for the purpose of offering registry WHOIS service, i.e., "whois.nic.<tld>". Balancing the risk of using this name with the usability of having the WHOIS service available at a well-known location, ICANN decided to not include "nic" in the list of SLDs to be blocked by any new gTLD. However, the name collision response mechanism <http://www.icann.org/en/help/name-collision> is available to be used by an affected party to report significant harm caused by such domain name. Also note that the name is only available to the registry operator itself, which means that the registry has total control over the SLD.
Is ICANN going to update the list of blocked SLDs to include the year in which the names were queried?
ICANN does not plan to update the list of blocked SLDs or to add the year in which the SLDs were queried. However, if there is interest from the community ICANN will consider adding this data when resources are available.
What should be done with the names in the SLD block list when they are released in regards to TMCH Sunrise and Claims?
Names in the SLD block list for a TLD must be included in the Sunrise and Claims, subject to the registry's usual policies, but cannot be activated until the mitigation measures have been implemented. If a registry operator allocates names from the SLD block list during Sunrise or Claims period, it must inform the registrant that the name cannot be activated and may never be activated subject to the TLD's Name Collision Occurrence Assessment.
This is a clarification to the language in section 3.2 of the Name Collision Occurrence Management Plan. The intention of the block list is to retain the behavior before a new gTLD is delegated (i.e., an NXDOMAIN response in DNS); that result is achieved by not activating the names in the list, irrespective of allocation.
What constitutes harm that warrants deactivation of a second-level domain name causing collisions?
It is possible that name collision occurrences of some second-level names that did not appear in the dataset used for the SLD block list might occur after the applied-for gTLD begins operation. To mitigate this risk, ICANN has implemented a process to enable an affected party to report and request the temporary blocking of a recently activated domain name that causes demonstrably severe harm as a consequence of name collision.
ICANN will act as the initial single point of contact for these reports, and will coordinate the notification with the relevant registry operator to ensure that the report is acted upon in an expedited manner. The assessment of harm will initially be done by ICANN in a case-by-case basis until the work on the Framework defines uniform criteria.
Is there going to be a name collision portal?
ICANN is planning a portal to display the information available on this topic.
Are different types of trial delegations within the scope of the Name Collision Occurrence Management Framework?
Yes, trial delegations at both TLD level (for the TLDs not eligible for the alternate path to delegation), and at the second level for SLDs under all new gTLDs, are going to be considered during the development of the Framework. If adopted, it is expected that the Framework will specify the trial delegation applicable for a particular type of collision.
Additionally, during its meeting in Buenos Aires the ICANN Board passed a resolution directing staff to evaluate SSAC's SAC 062 recommendations, which explicitly asks for ICANN to consider trial delegations.
What is the process to consider the work being done to develop a Name Collision Occurrence Management Framework and decide whether to adopt it?
The lead contractor is expected to work on a draft Framework in cooperation with the community as explained at <http://www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-2-11nov13-en.htm>. The draft Framework is then going to be published for public comment. After the public comment period has ended, comments will be summarized and the draft Framework will be updated based on public input. Finally, the New gTLD Program Committee of the ICANN Board will consider the final Framework for adoption.
Where can people participate in the development of the Name Collision Occurrence Management Framework?
Anyone is welcome to participate in the development of the Framework. The Framework will be discussed in the public mailing list at <https://lists.dns-oarc.net/mailman/listinfo/collisions>.
Is the management of name collisions going to be extended to ccTLDs?
The issue of name collisions was first reported to ICANN in reference to the new gTLD program. Given the number of new gTLDs that are expected, the priority of the work has been focused on new gTLDs. We recognize the issue is not unique to gTLDs; therefore ICANN is raising this issue with the Board Risk Committee to identify how to address this issue.
This study, conducted by Carnegie Mellon University's Cylab (CMU), examines the extent to which public Whois contact information for gTLD domain names is misused (i.e. harmful actions such as spam, phishing, identity theft or data theft are taken using gTLD registration data).
The findings from the study provide empirical data needed by the ICANN community to assess community concerns about misused Whois contact information, identify the most common forms of misuse, and highlight the effectiveness of anti-harvesting measures in reducing misuse. The findings will also inform future policy development by ICANN and the GNSO in relation to improvements to the Whois system.Public Comment Box Link: http://www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/whois-misuse-27nov13-en.htm
- Contracted Party Agreements
- Policy Processes
Buenos Aires, Argentina… ICANN President and CEO Fadi Chehadé, ICANN Board Member Olga Madruga-Forti and LACNIC President Oscar Messano will participate in a panel focused on the business opportunities that are only possible on a free and open Internet. The event, titled "Public Responsibility Session – Entrepreneurship & DNS," will take place on Thursday, 21 November, during ICANN's 48th public meeting in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Internet Governance debate has become a hot topic in Latin America. The panel, moderated by professor Celia Lerman of Universidad Torcuato di Tella, will explore the benefits of an unrestricted Internet and the economic opportunities it fosters.
"This is an excellent opportunity to engage with local academics and youth and to share with them the expertise of our community members," said Nora Abusitta, ICANN Vice President for Public Responsibility Programs. "We are very grateful to the Universidad Torcuato di Tella for hosting what we believe is going to be a fascinating dialogue with the community."
People who wish to participate in the session are asked to RSVP at the following link:
WHAT: Public Responsibility Pilot Session – Entrepreneurship & DNS
WHO: Fadi Chehadé, ICANN President and CEO; Solana Ximena de Aspiazu, Senior International Negotiator and Lawyer at the National Communications Commission of the Argentine government; Olga Madruga-Forti, ICANN Board Member; Oscar Messano, President of LACNIC; Fátima Cambronero, LACRALO/ISOC; Celia Lerman, Professor at Universidad Torcuato Di Tella; Santiago Rodriguez Ortiz, Internet entrepreneur.
WHEN: Thursday, 21 November 8:30 AM-10:30 AM, Buenos Aires, Argentina (1130 - 1330 UTC).
WHERE: Room SV4, Avenida Figueroa Alcorta 7350
Universidad Torcuato di Tella
ICANN Global Media Coordinator
Tel. +1 (202) 570 7139
Communications Manager for Latin America and the Caribbean
Tel. +598 95 831 442
Another session has been added to Wednesday's meeting schedule. At 07:00 ART (10:00 UTC) tomorrow, the ICANN community is invited to attend a session discussing the multistakeholder meeting in Brazil. Scheduled for an hour and a half, the session will include a continental breakfast and will be held in the Sheraton Buenos Aires Convention Center, room Libertador AB.
Remote participation is available through ICANN's meeting website at http://buenosaires48.icann.org/en/schedule/wed-multistakeholder-community. For those who cannot attend the meeting, a live audio stream will be available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish. Transcripts, in all seven languages, will be provided after the meeting.
LOS ANGELES – A diverse global group of stakeholders from government, civil society, the private sector, the technical community and international organizations has formed a Panel on the Future of Global Internet Cooperation. The Panel's first meeting is scheduled for December 12 – 13 in London.
Focusing on the pressing issue of Internet governance, and committed to a multistakeholder approach, the Panel plans to release a high-level report in early 2014 for public comment. The report will include principles for global Internet cooperation, proposed frameworks for such cooperation and a roadmap for future Internet governance challenges.
Recognizing the importance of the initiative, Estonian President Toomas Ilves has agreed to serve as the group's Chairman. "Our future approach to Internet governance should be thoughtfully designed and implemented," said President Ilves. "Without a cohesive global approach, emerging issues will not be properly addressed. Individual governments or intergovernmental organizations could begin to develop their own solutions without understanding the global context."
ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, was an early catalyst for the Panel and recognized the need for a globally diverse group to independently address broad, complex issues. It will organize the secretariat and provide logistical support for the Panel. ICANN cited growing pressures to address issues outside its sphere of responsibility as a motivating factor in forming a high-level panel.
"So many of today's headline issues stem from national policies that aren't enforceable across the borderless network we call the Internet," said Fadi Chehadé, president of ICANN and a member of the Panel. "For organizations like ICANN, most of these issues fall outside our area of responsibility. The Panel should focus on evolving and globalizing the current Internet governance framework and exploring mechanisms to address these complex issues."
Vint Cerf, often cited as one of the founders of the Internet, will serve as a vice-chair of the Panel. "The Internet was designed for openness and rapid expansion, and its existing distributed and collaborative model of governance has worked remarkably well for thirty years of its operation," said Cerf. "However, as the Internet and its applications have spread across the globe and become ever more vital to daily lives, attention to transnational public policy issues and their resolution calls for further adaptation and evolution of the present model."
In the coming year, several key events will address Internet governance topics, including the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, and a recently announced conference to be hosted by Brazil in Spring 2014. The Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands will also be a substantive partner in the work of the Panel and host a meeting at the historic Sunnylands estate in Rancho Mirage, California in early 2014.
ICANN consulted with a number of organizations to develop the Panel. Members were chosen to ensure that a regionally diverse cross-section of stakeholders would be represented. Panel members' activities will be independent of their organizations. Panel members include:
- Mohamed al Ghanem, Founder and Director General of the UAE Telecommunications Regulatory Authority; former Vice-Chair, UAE Information and Communications Technology Fund
- Virgilio Fernandes Almeida, Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences; Chair of Internet Steering Committee; National Secretary for Information Technology Policies
- Dorothy Attwood, Senior Vice President of Global Public Policy, Walt Disney Company
- Mitchell Baker, Chair, Mozilla Foundation; Chair and former CEO, Mozilla Corporation
- Francesco Caio, CEO of Avio; former CEO, Cable and Wireless and Vodafone Italia; Founder of Netscalibur; broadband advisor in UK and Italy
- Vint Cerf, Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google; former Chairman, ICANN; Co-Founder of the Internet Society
- Fadi Chehade, CEO and President of ICANN; Founder of Rosetta Net; technology executive
- Nitin Desai, Indian economist and diplomat; former UN Undersecretary General; convener of Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG)
- Toomas Ilves, President of Estonia; former diplomat and journalist; former Minister of Foreign Affairs; former Member of the European Parliament
- Ivo Ivanovski, Minister of Information Society and Administration, Macedonia; Commissioner to the UN Broadband Commission for Digital Development
- Thorbjørn Jagland, Secretary General of the Council of Europe; former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Norway; Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
- Olaf Kolkman, Director of NLnet Labs; "Evangineer" of the Open Internet; former Chair of the Internet Architecture Board
- Frank La Rue, labor and human rights lawyer; UN Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression; Founder, Center for Legal Action for Human Rights (CALDH)
- Robert M. McDowell, former U.S. Federal Communications Commissioner; Visiting Fellow, Hudson Institute's Center for Economics of the Internet
- Andile Ngcaba, Chairman, Convergence Partners; Executive Chairman, Dimension Data Middle East and Africa; former South African Government Director General of Communications
- Liu Qingfeng, CEO and President of iFLYTEK; Director of National Speech & Language Engineering Laboratory of China; Member of Interactive Technology Standards working group
- Lynn St. Amour, President and CEO of the Internet Society; telecoms and IT executive
- Jimmy Wales, Founder and Promoter of Wikipedia; Member of the Board of Trustees of Wikimedia Foundation
- Won-Pyo Hong, President, Media Solution Center, Samsung Electronics
Additional members to be confirmed.
For more information on the Panel, please contact: David Almacy at David.Almacy@edelman.com or (202) 591-9486.
Second Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT 2) Draft Report & Recommendations: Announcement of Correction
A section was added to the Executive Summary, Recommendation 6 (page 3). These recommendations are included in the body of the Report that was issued for Public Comment on 21 October 2013 and were inadvertently excluded from the Executive Summary. For purposes of clarity and to be certain that the public had an opportunity to view all Recommendations of ATRT2, they are being published as part of the Executive Summary in this erratum.
The correction and the ATRT2 Draft Report body (without Appendices) are now available in French, Spanish, Russian, Portuguese, Chinese and Arabic languages.
The 2013 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to announce the selection of Wolfgang Kleinwächter as a member to the ICANN Board of Directors.
The position became vacant following the recent resignation of Board member Ms. Judith Duavit Vazquez, selected by the 2011 NomCom. Wolfgang Kleinwächter will take up his position on the ICANN Board of Directors immediately and will serve for the remainder of the term vacated by Ms. Vazquez, ending at the conclusion of the 2014 ICANN Annual General Meeting.
Chair, 2013 Nominating Committee
Wolfgang Kleinwächter is a Professor for International Communication Policy and Regulation at the Department for Media and Information Sciences of the University of Aarhus in Denmark where he teaches "Internet Policy and Regulation" since 1998.
He has studied Communication, International Law and International Relations at the University of Leipzig (B.A. 1971, M.A. 1974, Ph.D. 1981). His Academic Teaching Experiences includes courses and lectures on Internet Governance at numerous universities around the globe, including, inter alia die School of International Services at American University in Washington D.C. and the Faculty of Journalism at Lomonossow University in Moscow.
He is involved in Internet Governance issues since 1997 and has participated - in various capacities - in 45 ICANN meetings. He served five years in the NomCom (2009/2010 as its chair) and was since 2011 a member of the GNSO Council, elected by the Non-Commercial Stakeholder Group (NCSG) where he is a member of the NCUC.
In the WSIS process he was a member of the Civil Society Bureau, co-chaired the Internet Governance Caucus (IGC) and was appointed by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan as for the UN Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG). In the Tunis Summit he was part of the governmental delegation of Denmark. Between 2006 and 2010 he served as Special Adviser to the Chair of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), Nitin Desai. In 2011/2012 he was a member of the UNCSTD Working Group on IGF Improvement. In 2012 he joined the German governmental delegation to the World Conference on International Telecommunication (WCIT) and served in the Informal Expert Group of the World Telecommunication Policy Forum in 2013.
He is a co-founder of the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EURODIG), the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GIGANET), the Summer School on Internet Governance (SSIG) and chair of the ICANN Studienkreis. He served in the Advisory Board of the dotmobi Registry and became in 2010 an International Adviser to CNNIC. In the EU, he was involved in the Safer Internet Action Plan (SIAP), the Task Force on the Internet of Things and the Inter-Regional Information Society Initiative (IRISI). In the Council of Europe he chaired the Expert Group on Cross Border Internet (2009 – 2011).
For more than 20 years he was a member of the Council of the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) and served as the president of the IAMCR Law Section between 1988 and 1998. He was a member of the Program Committee for INET 2002 in Washington D.C. and a Key-Note Speaker, Panelist, Moderator and Rapporteur of numerous international conferences.
His research work includes more than 100 international publications, including 7 books. Since 2011 he is the editor of the publication series MIND (Multistakeholder Internet Dialogue). He also served as member of several advisory boards of scientific journals, including Transnational Data and Communication Report, Computer Law and Security Report, The Journal of Media Law and Practice, Gazette and the Journal for Virtual Reality.
He testified in Hearings in the Deutsche Bundestag and the European Parliament. He is Chair of the Board of Medienstadt Leipzig e.V., a recognized At Large Structure under the ICANN Bylaws and got the "Internet Award" the highest Internet prize in Germany, by the German Internet Economy Association (eco) in 2012.
ICANN signed an agreement with JAS Global Advisors LLC to lead the development of the Name Collision Occurrence Management Framework, in cooperation with the community. The statement of work for the development of the Framework can be found here [PDF, 89 KB]. ICANN intends to present a development timeline and initial questions for discussion at ICANN 48 Buenos Aires (17-21 November 2013). Interested parties (e.g., current and prospective Registry Operators, security practitioners, community members) are encouraged to attend the SSR Session on Monday, 18 November 2013 and provide input.
The Name Collision Occurrence Management Framework was adopted by the ICANN Board of Directors, New gTLD Program Committee on 7 October 2013, (the "Framework") and is intended to manage name collisions [PDF, 841 KB] in new gTLDs. More specifically, the Framework should:
- Identify appropriate parameters and processes to assess the probability and severity of impact resulting from name collision occurrences.
- Specify a set of Name Collision Occurrence Assessments and corresponding mitigation measures that ICANN or Top-Level Domains (TLD) applicants may need to implement. These assessments are to be based on Second-Level Domain data generated by DNS-OARC's "Day in the Life of the Internet" initiative. Additional data sets, such as information from Certificate Authorities regarding the issuance of internal name certificates may be used as well.
- Be made available for public comment.
In accordance with its guidelines for procuring vendors, ICANN sent a Request for Proposal (RFP) to four qualified candidates. Three of the parties submitted proposals, and from those received ICANN selected JAS Global Advisors LLC.
About JAS Global Advisors LLC: Founded in 2003, JAS Global Advisors LLC is a unique professional services firm delivering risk management, technology, and governance solutions to a wide range of commercial and government clients.
Read more about Name Collision:
ICANN has embarked on a journey to reinvent today's WHOIS system. Help the EWG envision a better system by joining the discussion at ICANN's Buenos Aires meeting and online.
The Expert Working Group on gTLD Directory Services (EWG) has been working to envision a clean-slate approach to better meet global Internet community needs for domain name registration data with greater privacy, accuracy, and accountability. In its Initial Report [PDF, 1.70 MB] published in June, the EWG recommended a series of principles and proposed a model for the next-generation Registration Directory Service (RDS) to replace today's WHOIS system.
In advance of the ICANN-48 Meeting in Buenos Aires, the EWG has published a Status Update Report [PDF, 2.26 MB] that provides further insight into the EWG's analysis and highlights its current thoughts on key issues, after more extensive exploration of open areas and careful consideration of all Community comments received on its Initial Report. As the EWG's deliberations are on-going, it is hoped that this report will provide insight into the team's recommendations, answer questions, and stimulate lively Community dialogue in Buenos Aires and online input.
Key issues highlighted in this Status Update Report [PDF, 2.26 MB] include:
- Identifying the data elements to be freely available on an anonymous basis, and those that might require authenticated, gated access through accreditation for permissible purposes
- Details on the principles for better privacy or proxy services and a proposal for secured protected credentials for use by at-risk individuals
- Suggestions to improve data quality through standardization validation, periodic checks, and prevalidated contacts
- Consideration of jurisdictional and applicable law issues, notably data protection law
- Suggestions for ensuring harmonized approaches to data protection and security measures, and a framework for binding corporate rules to meet data protection obligations.
- Exploration of how existing technical protocols could be utilized by the EWG's recommended implementation model (such as EPP or the RDAP protocol under development by the IETF)
- Comparison of the current WHOIS system (as improved in the 2013 RAA) to the EWG's recommended next-generation registration data directory service
- Description of various implementation models examined by the EWG, including a detailed comparison of pro and cons.
The ideas presented in this Status Update Report are works-in progress, not consensus recommendations, and may be further updated by the EWG in Buenos Aires. The EWG hopes to use Community input and research into specific areas to reach fact-based recommendations to be delivered in its Final Report.Join the discussion
There are several ways to participate in this journey to envision a better system:
Learn more and ask questions during the EWG's presentation "Exploring Replacements for WHOIS – The Next Generation Directory Services" on Wednesday, 20 November 2013, 8:30-10:00 ART, in Buenos Aires. A recording of the session will be made available shortly after.
Exchange ideas during an interactive open EWG Workshop on Wednesday, 20 November 2013, 16:30-17:30 ART, in Buenos Aires. The dialogue will inform the EWG's deliberations as it refines its recommendations for the next generation registration data directory services.
Submit your ideas to the EWG's Public Mailbox: firstname.lastname@example.org
Input is publicly archived. To read input received to date, please refer to: http://www.icann.org/en/groups/other/gtld-directory-services/share-24jun13-en.htm
Due to the complexity of the task at hand and the importance of basing any next-generation RDS on a solid understanding of the benefits and impacts that would likely result, the EWG has not yet completed its recommendations, but intends to do so in early 2014, informed by Community feedback and in-depth analysis of selected areas. The EWG expects to reconvene in March 2014 to derive fact-based recommendations, delivering its final report to the ICANN Board before June 2014.Background
In December, ICANN announced the creation of an Expert Working Group (EWG) on next-generation gTLD Registration Directory Services, as a first step in fulfilling the ICANN Board's directive to help redefine the purpose and provision of gTLD registration data. The EWG's findings are expected to serve as a foundation to help the GNSO create a new global policy for the provision of gTLD registration data.
A significant milestone was reached on 24 June 2013 with the publication of the Expert Working Group on gTLD Directory Services (EWG)'s Initial Report and FAQs, opening a consultation period with the ICANN community. The initial report [PDF, 1.70 MB] enumerated the users, purposes, data elements, recommended principles and features, and proposed model to guide the development of a next generation Registration Directory Service (RDS) to replace WHOIS.
The initial report was accompanied by a questionnaire soliciting community input on complex areas needing further analysis to draft consensus recommendations. While comments were received on the entire initial report, two topics received the most feedback: the EWG's recommendation to replace fully anonymous WHOIS with a gated access paradigm, and the suggested Aggregated RDS (ARDS) implementation model.
The EWG's Status Update Report [PDF, 2.26 MB] aims to highlight the EWG's current thinking on these and many other key issues, after careful consideration of all comments and feedback received to date. It also provides a great deal more detail on the analysis that lay behind the Initial Report [PDF, 1.70 MB], as requested by the community.More Information
The EWG work stems from the Board's directive to redefine the purpose and provision of gTLD registration data, while balancing data accuracy and access issues with safeguards for protecting data. The EWG considered the important community work done over the last decade by the GNSO, the SSAC, the WHOIS Review Team, the GAC and others.
The EWG's Initial Report [PDF, 1.70 MB] reflects the EWG's consensus view of design principles and features needed in a new RDS, along with a proposed Model illustrating how these could be fulfilled in the ICANN domain ecosystem. For more information, please refer to the Frequently Asked Questions prepared by the EWG after its Initial Report.Initial Report Executive Summary
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- 简体中文 [PDF, 338 KB]
- العربية [PDF, 572 KB]
- Español [PDF, 1.13 MB]
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- A webinar on Monday, 8 July at 15:00-16:30 UTC – webinar archives
- A consultation in Durban on Monday, 15 July – session archives.
To view the Expert Working Group's activities, please refer to the EWG wiki.
ICANN has authorized the bulk transfer of gTLD domain names from Cheapies.com Inc. to Tucows Domains Inc. due to compliance actions taken by ICANN that resulted in the de-accreditation of Cheapies.com Inc.
The affected gTLD registries have processed the bulk transfers. Former registrant-customers of Cheapies.com Inc. should receive notices from Tucows advising of the transfer. Customer questions about the transfer should be directed to Tucows (for contact details see http://www.internic.net/registrars/registrar-69.html or visit the website directly at http://www.tucows.com/). Additional information about these bulk transfers is provided below.FAQs Q. Why were these transfers authorized by ICANN?
A. The Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) of Cheapies.com Inc. was terminated for failure by the registrar to comply with its RAA. Cheapies.com Inc.'s RAA terminated on 26 October 2013 and the termination notice is posted here: ICANN Sends Notice of Termination [PDF, 151 KB].
As a result, Cheapies.com Inc. is no longer permitted to register or manage gTLD registrations. ICANN authorized bulk transfers pursuant to the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy to ensure that the registrant-customers of this registrar would not be harmed by their registrar's discontinued ability to manage the registrations.Q. How was the gaining registrar selected?
A. ICANN followed its De-Accredited Registrar Transition Procedure (see http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/drt/dartp-11jul13-en.pdf [PDF, 129 KB]) to identify a gaining registrar for the gTLD names formerly managed by the de-accredited registrar. Through this process, Tucows was identified.Q. Will Tucows attempt to contact the affected registrants? What should customers of this de-accredited registrar do now?
A. Former customers of this registrar should receive a notice of the transfer and instructions for continued management of their names from Tucows. Affected customers who do not receive notices from Tucows should contact Tucows by using the contact information provided at http://www.internic.net/registrars/registrar-69.html.Q. Do registrants have to pay a fee for the bulk transfer?
A. No, there is no cost to registrants for the bulk transfer. Unlike a normal inter-registrar transfer, the registration terms will not be extended by a year. Accordingly, it is important to contact Tucows if your registration will expire soon in order to maintain your registration.Q. What if affected registrants want to select a different registrar?
A. Registrants will continue to be able to transfer their registrations to other registrars under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (see http://www.icann.org/en/transfers/). Note that Tucows may deny transfers for the first 60 days following the bulk transfer, at its discretion. This 60-day period is permissible under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy and is intended to help protect registrants. The registrant may need to renew names that will expire during the first 60 days following the transfer to Tucows by using the details provided above.Q. How will Cheapies customers know if a message purportedly from Tucows is legitimate?
A. The message from Tucows should direct you to its website or refer you to other contact information provided above. For general advice about avoiding phishing email messages, you may also wish to refer to the materials prepared by the Anti-Phishing Working Group (see http://www.antiphishing.org/resources/overview/avoid-phishing-scams).
- Policy Processes
- Contracted Party Agreements
On 27 June 2013, the ICANN Board approved the proposed amendments to implement a two-panel process for string similarity review in the Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) country code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) Fast Track Process.
Today, ICANN is publishing a revised version (in redline) of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Final Implementation Plan [PDF, 1.07 MB] that includes the changes required for the implementation of the two-panel string similarity review process as approved by the ICANN Board on 27 June 2013.
In addition, ICANN is publishing the Guidelines for the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel (EPSRP) [PDF, 107 KB]. The EPSRP is the second panel of the two-panel process for string similarity review in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process.
The two-panel process for string similarity evaluation in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process will be effective once the appointment of EPSRP panelists is announced by ICANN. Until the appointment of this second panel is announced, the community should take note that requests under the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process will continue to be processed according to the version of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Final Implementation Plan [PDF, 887 KB] published on 4 June 2012.
Following through on community recommendations for improving accountability and transparency, ICANN has launched the first phase of a new "one-stop" online resource about the WHOIS directory service. This new information website provides a clear and easy-to-understand explanation of how to access existing WHOIS information on who has registered domain names. It also makes it easy to notify relevant parties of a data accuracy issue.
Members of the community are invited to view the beta site and provide comments via feedback forms. ICANN staff and the design team will consider all comments and suggestions as we continually improve the site.
Previously, it was difficult to get a holistic understanding of WHOIS as information was highly distributed over many different websites. This new website, whois.icann.org, will be a centralized location for all WHOIS information, making it easier to learn about WHOIS, raise accuracy issues about WHOIS information and how to contribute to WHOIS policies. ICANN expects to launch an integrated search function in January 2014 as part of the site's second phase.
The WHOIS directory service is an essential tool used by many people and organizations every day. Anyone who needs to know who is behind a website, domain name can look it up via WHOIS directory information. Network administrators, registry operators, domain name registrants, governments, law enforcement, consumer groups, and the international Internet community find it crucial.
In addition to identifying domain name holders, WHOIS data also allows network administrators and others to find and fix system problems and to maintain Internet stability. With it, they can determine the availability of domain names, combat spam or fraud, identify trademark infringement and enhance accountability of domain name registrants. WHOIS data is sometimes used to track down and identify registrants who may be posting illegal content or engaging in phishing scams.
The Affirmation of Commitments requires ICANN to "maintain timely, unrestricted and public access to accurate and complete WHOIS information...." It also calls for a review of WHOIS policy and its implementation every three years to assess its effectiveness in meeting legitimate needs of law enforcement and promoting consumer trust. This new website is the result of recommendations made by the last review panel.