An independent report commissioned by ICANN, Mitigating the Risk of DNS Namespace Collisions, has offered a set of concrete recommendations on how to mitigate potential risks of domain name collisions.
Click here to download the full report » [PDF, 322 KB]
A name collision occurs when an attempt to resolve a name used in a private name space results in a query to the public Domain Name System (DNS).
"This report takes an in-depth look at the collision issue and the potential risks and impacts, and gives us some very clear advice aimed at how to help system operators detect and mitigate those risks," said Akram Atallah, President of ICANN's Global Domains Division. "The next step is to seek input from our community on the report's findings."
The report stressed that name collisions are nothing new and that any issues that arise from expansion of the Top-Level Domains (TLDs) under ICANN's New gTLD program would resemble those that occur in other parts of the DNS. But the report noted that expanding the number of TLDs will not fundamentally or significantly increase the risks of name collisions.
Specifically, the study outlines a set of recommendations on how ICANN and the TLD operators should handle the issue of name collisions in the expanding TLD space:
- ICANN should require new TLD registries to implement and publish a 120-day controlled interruption zone monitored by ICANN immediately upon delegation in the root zone.
- After the 120-day period, there shall be no further collision-related restrictions on the TLD.
- ICANN should have emergency response processes to analyze and act upon reported problems that present "clear and present danger to human life".
- ICANN and others in the community should continue to collect and analyze data relating to the root servers and to the controlled interruption.
- The Top-Level Domains .corp, .home and .mail should be permanently reserved.
The report is posted for public comment until April 21, 2014.
On February 17, 2014, ICANN’s Board of Directors approved a resolution creating several Globalization Advisory Groups to support ICANN’s globalization efforts. In this video interview, Theresa Swinehart, Senior Advisory to the President on Global Strategy, explains the rationale behind the creation of these Groups and how they will provide guidance on globalization issues.
More than 40 diverse practitioners, subject matter experts and thought leaders have been working together since October 2013 as members of the ICANN Strategy Panels to support development of ICANN's strategic and operational future.
Strategy Panels are advisory in nature and report to the ICANN President and CEO. Their quintessential objective is to inform and support ICANN's planning process. As highlighted at the opening ceremony at ICANN's public meeting Durban (July 2013), the Strategy Panels' work and output is designed to be informative and will not go straight to implementation.
Each of the four panels has now published its draft recommendations, which are being translated into the five additional UN languages and are open for public comment. The recommendations are varied and wide-reaching, from partnering in a study to define an architectural vision for DNS in 2020 to organizing participants by topic rather than constituency groups to adapting ICANN's cultural to a multi-lingual and multi-cultural one. Highlights of recommendations by each panel are included below. For more information, please refer to each panel's draft report.
- DNS use in the infrastructure will continue to grow; DNS use in the User Interface (UI) is challenged by search-based alternatives, mobile interfaces, etc.
- ICANN should publish more DNSSEC signed data for reserved labels, etc.
- In cooperation with IETF et al, do a study to define an architectural vision for DNS in 2020.
- Design & prototype open root publication.
- Design a shared zone control system for the root.
- Perform collision exercises to test the ease of implementing [ICANN 2013].
- ICANN should adopt an evolutionary approach that embraces experimentation and empirical evidence. The 16 proposals identified include the following:
- Making all of ICANN's data freely available and downloadable in machine-readable formats.
- Moving from stakeholder engagement to global engagement.
- Using expert networks to provide oversight to ICANN officials.
- Streamlining of current ICANN public responsibility activities under a Public Responsibility Department (PRD).
- Strengthening ICANN Regional Engagement Strategies.
- Commissioning research to enhance understanding of links between Internet Governance and Development.
- Exploring the establishment of an external foundation to operate in the philanthropic space.
ICANN's Role in the Internet Governance Ecosystem Recommendations [PDF, 1.78 MB]
- Consolidation and simplification of root zone management.
- Globalize, not internationalize, the structure of ICANN and its associated or related institutions.
- ICANN develop tailored AOC documents to be used to establish bilateral or multilateral, documented relationships between and among ICANN and ecosystem partners that wish to participate.
- Globalize the process for accountability within Internet ecosystem.
Share your thoughts today! We encourage you to review each draft report and provide your perspective by sending your comments to the email address for each panel's mailing list. Input will be welcome through 30 April 2014; all input sent to the mailing lists is publicly archived. Each panel will consider feedback received before finalizing their reports, so make your voice heard.
To support community consideration and input, an interactive webinar will be held in early March 2014. A public session also will be conducted at the upcoming ICANN 49 meeting in Singapore (March 2014). Details will be shared in due course. Public comments and output will help inform ICANN's strategic and operational plans.
Greasing the Wheels of the Internet Economy, a report by Boston Consulting Group and commissioned by ICANN, ranked 65 different countries according to four different types of e-friction. The full analysis of each country's ranking is now available for download below.
Click here to download » [PDF, 2.35 MB]
In order to participate and receive webinar details, please RSVP via email to the GNSO Secretariat (firstname.lastname@example.org) to receive the call details.
Whether you plan to participate in the upcoming ICANN meeting in Singapore, remotely or in person, you are invited to a quick reminder of the background and current status of each major policy issue currently under discussion in ICANN.
The ICANN Policy Staff will provide a briefing on Thursday 13 March at 12:00 UTC and Thursday 13 March at 19:00 UTC, summarizing policy issues across the different ICANN Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees. Among other topics, updates will be provided on:
- Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy Part D
- Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues
- Framework of Interpretation working group
- ASO activities in Singapore
- ALAC policy advice statements since Buenos Aires
- Finalization of GAC advice regarding new gTLDs
- RSSAC restructure update
- Recent SSAC advisories
The two sessions are duplicates, scheduled to accommodate different time zones. Each session, scheduled to run for 90 minutes, will be conducted in English only. The meeting will be run in Adobe Connect with a slide presentation along with a dial-in conference bridge for audio.
Participants will have the opportunity to ask questions at the end of each session. During the course of the webinar, questions may be submitted using the chat function of Adobe Connect. If you are not able to participate in either of the live sessions, the recording of the session will be made available shortly after the meeting. The policy staff is always available to answer any questions that you email to email@example.com.
In order to participate and receive webinar details, please RSVP via email to the GNSO Secretariat (firstname.lastname@example.org). Please indicate which call you would like to join, Thursday at 12.00 UTC or Thursday at 19.00 UTC (to convert those times into your local time, see: http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedform.html). We will send you an e-mail reminder before the event with log-in and dial-in details. Please DO NOT RSVP to any other ICANN staff members e-mail address.
The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council seeks volunteers to serve on a new Working Group (WG). The Data & Metrics for Policy Making WG will be tasked with exploring opportunities with respect to reporting and metrics recommendations that could better inform policy development via fact-based decision making, where applicable. The GNSO Council approved the WG's charter at its 23 Jan 2014 meeting and assigned a Council Liaison.What This Team Will Do
The WG will research and deliberate the issues identified in the Final Issue Report on Uniformity of Reporting [PDF, 1.50 MB] and as defined in the Charter approved by the GNSO Council. Activities will include:
- establishing a baseline of current practices and capabilities to problem reporting
- evaluate previous PDP and non-PDP efforts and how metrics could have enhanced the WG process
- review existing GNSO work product templates, like charters, issue reports, and final reports for possible enhancements to inform the PDP and non-PDP process
- evaluate external data sources that may benefit the policy process such as abuse statistics or DNS industry related data and define a possible framework in how it may be accessed
- prepare preliminary recommendations and obtain community input
The expectation of the WG is to produce a Final Recommendations Report addressing all community input and then submit it to the GNSO Council for their consideration and next steps, if any.How This Team Will Work
ICANN WGs use transparent, open processes. The meetings of this WG will be recorded, and the recordings will be available to the public. The mailing list for the WG will be archived publicly and WG members are expected to submit Statements of Interest (SOI). The group will collaborate using a public workspace for draft materials and all final work products and milestones will be documented on the WG's project page. The WG is expected to follow the GNSO Working Group Guidelines [PDF, 350 KB].How to Join
The GNSO Council invites interested parties to provide names of expected participants who can then be added to the WG mailing list. The WG will be open to anyone interested to join. Community members who wish to be invited to join the group should contact the GNSO secretariat (email@example.com).Background
The 2010 Registration Abuse Policies Working Group (RAPWG) identified the Meta Issue: Uniformity of Reporting which it described as "need for more uniformity in the mechanisms to initiate, track, and analyze policy-violation reports." The RAPWG recommended in its Final Report that "the GNSO and the larger ICANN community in general, create and support uniform problem-reporting and report-tracking processes."
The GNSO Council recommended the creation of an Issue Report [PDF, 1.50 MB] to further research metrics and reporting needs in hopes to improve the policy development process. The report created by ICANN Staff outlined accomplishments regarding reporting and metrics by the Contractual Compliance function and it also reviewed other reporting sources that may be of relevance. The GNSO Council subsequently adopted the recommendation to form this non-PDP Working Group tasked with exploring opportunities for developing reporting and metrics processes and/or appropriate standardized methodologies that could better inform fact-based policy development and decision making. The GNSO resolution states:
The GNSO Council does not initiate a Policy Development Process at this stage but will review at the completion of the ICANN Contractual Compliance three-year plan expected for 31 December 2013 whether additional action is required;
The GNSO Council further approves the creation of a drafting team to develop a charter for a non-PDP Working Group to consider additional methods for collecting necessary metrics and reporting from Contracted Parties and other external resources to aid the investigation.
More information can be found on the GNSO Metrics & Reporting WG page.
ICANN is pleased to announce that the Generation Panel for the Arabic Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR) has been seated.
Following the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules published on 11 July 2013, the Task Force on Arabic Script Internationalized Domain Names (TF-AIDN), a community-driven initiative of the Middle East Strategy Working Group (MESWG), has developed and submitted to ICANN, on 13 January 2014, the Proposal for Generation Panel for Arabic Script Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone [PDF, 772 KB] (LGR Procedure). ICANN staff has reviewed the proposal including panel composition and scope, to ensure that requirements set forth in the LGR Procedure [PDF, 772 KB], and in particular the criteria set forth in the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules, are fulfilled.
ICANN would also like to use this opportunity to thank each of the members for offering their time and expertise to volunteer on the Arabic Script Generation Panel.
With composition and work plan approved, the Arabic Script Generation Panel will start its work on the label generation rules. According to the LGR Procedure [PDF, 772 KB], the starting point of any Generation Panel's work is the maximal set of code points defined by the Integration Panel as well as a set of Default Whole Label Variant Evaluation Rules. The full specification of Generation Panel's tasks can be found in the LGR Procedure [PDF, 772 KB] in particular, Section B.3 "Variant Rule Generation Procedure".
ICANN will provide a central public location workspace on the project website where Arabic Script Generation Panel composition, work plan updates, public reports, contact details, and any other relevant information will be included.
As a reminder, and to highlight the importance of script community involvement required in the development of the IDN Root Zone LGR, we would like to reiterate the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules. A successful development of the IDN Root Zone LGR depends on having Generation Panels for each script represented in the Root Zone. In the first stages of the IDN Root Zone LGR development and in addition to ongoing efforts with the Arabic script, Generation Panel formation is expected to cover following scripts: Hebrew, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Cyrillic, Greek, Latin, Bengali, Devanagari, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Sinhala, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, and Georgian (i.e., scripts represented in existing applications from both New gTLD and IDN ccTLD Programs).
For further information on how to form a Generation Panel or to express individual or group statements of interest for the establishment of a Generation Panel, please refer to the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules and to the additional supporting documentation provided on the Root Zone LGR Project website.
Leaders of the organizations responsible for coordination of the Internet technical infrastructure (loosely referred to as "I* leaders") met last week in Santa Monica, California, USA. During the 2-day meeting, they discussed activities underway and exchanged views and updates on a range of topics including:
Globalization of the IANA functions (http://www.iana.org)
The 1net initiative, website and new collaboration forum (http://1net.org)
The "Netmundial" – Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance (http://netmundial.br)
ICANN strategy panels and globalization efforts (http://www.icann.org)
Preparations for the 2014 ITU Plenipotentiary Conference (http://www.internetsociety.org/plenipotbackground)
Web 25th anniversary and W3C 20th anniversary planning (http://w3.org)
There was discussion of the significant progress and momentum that has developed since our last meeting, and as well as the need for continued engagement of all stakeholders in evolution of the Internet ecosystem. The leaders were encouraged by the progress made in many areas, and note that there is a lot of work happening in our respective communities, driven by the participants and handled with the usual community processes.
The meeting also welcomed Kathy Brown, the incoming CEO of the Internet Society, and Carolina Aguerre as a representative of the ccTLD registry community.Participating I* Leaders –
Adiel A. Akplogan, CEO African Network Information Center (AFRINIC)
John Curran, CEO American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)
Paul Wilson, Director General Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC)
Russ Housley, Chair Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
Fadi Chehadé, President and CEO Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
Jari Arkko, Chair Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Kathy Brown, President and CEO Internet Society (ISOC)
Raúl Echeberría, CEO Latin America and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC)
Axel Pawlik, Managing Director Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC)
Jeff Jaffe, CEO World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
Carolina Aguerre, General Manager, LACTLD (association of ccTLD registry operators in Latin America and Caribbean)
- Top-Level Domains
- Intellectual Property
- Contracted Party Agreements
Join the Strategy Panel on the Public Responsibility Framework for an update and interactive discussion.
Date: Monday, 17 February 2014
- 12:00-13:00 UTC (time converter: http://goo.gl/TiF9kh)
- 19:00-20:00 UTC (time converter: http://goo.gl/J4jP5Y)
You are invited to an update on the activities of the Strategy Panel on Public Responsibility Framework. The work of the ICANN Strategy Panels will inform ICANN's new, overarching vision and five-year strategic plan.
As it prepares to offer its advice to the ICANN President and CEO, the Public Responsibility Framework Strategy Panel wishes to walk you through the work it has undertaken and to seek your input on the preliminary set of conclusions it has reached. This webinar will also be the opportunity for you to ask questions. ICANN Strategy Panels serve as an integral part of a framework for cross-community dialogue: your feedback and contributions are key to this project and will be carefully considered. Panel output will be posted for community consideration and public comment.Webinar Details
The webinar will be run in an Adobe Connect room with a slide presentation along with a dial-in conference bridge for audio. The session will be conducted in English.
Participants will be given the opportunity to offer comments and to ask questions during the Q&A section. During the course of the webinar, questions may be submitted using the chat function of Adobe Connect. If you cannot join the live session, the recording of the session will be made available shortly after the meeting.
Please register via email to firstname.lastname@example.org by Sunday, 16 February 2014 – 23:59 UTC to receive the dial-in details. A reminder with log-in and dial-in details will be sent to you prior to the call.Webinar Archives
- Monday, 17 February 2014 – Session 1
- Monday, 17 February 2014 – Session 2